Racial Discrimination In The 1930
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The 1930s witnessed a tumultuous racist discrimination in America, especially in the Southern states. There was strong tension between the Black Americans who migrated to Northern cities and the rich whites living there. These people were afraid of the negative impact so many Black Americans would have on the society.
However, federal government started highlighting the plight of the Black Americans through various programs. In addition, these programs also offered opportunity to the Black Americans to rebuild their lives, something they had never had before.
Federal programs such as The Federal Music Project, Federal Theater Project and Federal Writers allowed black artists to have their say, especially during the Great Depression. The artists through their written word, plays, stories and music highlighted the situation for the Black Americans in the Southern states. However, even the government had double standards. Racial discrimination was present in the Works Project Administration jobs, which were only open for people who had not refused a job in the private sector because of low wages. This automatically made the Black Americans ineligible to apply for the jobs as they were paid lower than the whites in the Southern states.
Since the Civil War, the Southern states had mainly been Democratic states. However, when Roosevelt started persuading the Blacks to join the Democratic party, many Southerners felt betrayed. The problem between the Northern and Southern Democrats reached its peak in 1937 when the House of Representative passed the anti-lynching bill. However, this bill was not appreciated by the Southern states and there were protests against it. Finally the bill was repealed in 1938.
This clearly shows that though the government tried to pass laws to protect African Americans and other minorities, racial discrimination in the 1930s was still very prevalent all across America.
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